The Fighter Battalions of Sochi, Adler and Shapsugsky districts of the Krasnodar Krai (June 1941 – December 1943)
Voennyi Sbornik. 2022. 10(1): 4-20.
Abstract: This article examines the activities of the fighter battalions of Sochi, Adler and Shapsug districts of the Krasnodar Krai, which carried out tasks to detain deserters, criminals, saboteurs and enemy spies.
The archival materials of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the Center for Documentation of the Modern History of the Krasnodar Krai and the municipal government institution “Archive of Sochi”, collections of archival documents, articles and publications of russian and soviet researchers were used as sources.
The author comes to the conclusion that the activities of the fighter battalions were aimed at combating enemy paratroopers and saboteurs, detaining criminals, deserters, conscripts evading conscription into the Red Army, spies and enemy agents. The fighter battalion soldiers guarded the strategic objects and performed special tasks of the leadership of the NKVD.
Sniper Movement in Units and Formations of the Black Sea Group of Forces of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (during the Great Patriotic War (September 1942 – March 1943)
Voennyi Sbornik. 2022. 10(1): 21-42.
Abstract: This study examines the creation and organization of the sniper movement in units and formations of the Black Sea Group of Troops (September 1942 – March 1943).
The archival documents of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, studies, memoirs of Soviet military leaders during the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945, participants in the hostilities of the Wehrmacht troops in the northwestern Caucasus, as well as studies of soviet, russian and foreign authors were used as sources and materials.
The author comes to the conclusion that the sniper movement of the Black Sea Group of troops acted effectively in destroying the manpower of the troops of the Hitlerite coalition, which suffered significant losses.
Small Infantry Shovel: a History of a Century and a Half
Voennyi Sbornik. 2022. 10(1): 43-53.
Abstract: The object of the research is the development of an individual entrenching tool. The subject of the study is the influence of the conditions of warfare and the development of technologies on the change of a small infantry shovel, as one of the elements of equipping a soldier.
One of the important elements of the equipment of a soldier is a wearable trench tool – a small infantry shovel. The history of this instrument dates back a century and a half. In 1869, Danish army captain Mads Linnemann patented a variant of the M.1870 infantry shovel, which is a shortened version of the sapper shovel. However, shovels of reduced length were used in the army before Linnemann. Linneman's merit is that, firstly, he determined the optimal ratio of length and performance, and secondly, he proposed to transfer the tool from specialized sapper units to the infantry, allowing the infantryman to dig in on his own, anywhere and at any time, without waiting for the arrival of engineering units.
For more than one hundred and fifty years of the history of the infantry shovel, a fairly large number of different modifications of these products have been developed and accepted for supply: both successful ones that have been developed in new models of trench tools, and unsuccessful ones that have served only as an example of how not to do it. The article discusses the most interesting of these cases, analyzes the features of the development of the design of infantry shovels, their influence on the development of the soldier’s equipment, both in historical retrospective and in modern times